If you have a two-year-old (or a one-and-a-half-year-old, or three-year-old…) you’re probably no stranger to the “terrible twos”.
You know – that defiant, unreasonable, emotional (and exhausting) stage that most preschoolers seem to go through at one point or another – generally sometime between one and three years old.
And if you google it, you’ll find that it’s a normal developmental stage (source), and it’s mostly about toddlers struggling to express themselves and trying to assert their independence, according to most of the experts.
You’re probably also no stranger to the absolutely defeated + helpless feeling of trying to control (or at least reason with) your screaming flailing pile of frustrated kid.
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So is there anything you can do to make the terrible twos less… terrible?
I really doubt that the majority of what we see being called “terrible twos” is actually developmental at all.
Sure, kids this age DO want to be independent, and they DO struggle to communicate their feelings – anyone with some common sense can understand – and agree with – those things.
But is it reasonable to expect that just because your toddler wants to put on his own shoes, or can’t express to you that he feels frustrated by the fact that he CAN’T put on his own shoes, he should be throwing an all-out hysterical fit?
I don’t think so.
I have a two-year-old and most of the time, he’s not “terrible” at all.
And when he is?
It’s generally MY fault as the parent.
We are likely not meeting the needs of our toddlers when they are acting “terrible”.
(Even particularly strong-willed kids can benefit from the following considerations.)
7 things that can help make the terrible twos less terrible
1. Consider changing their diet
I think the most common overlooked reason for the terrible twos is diet.
I shared recently how our super chill kid was transformed into a tiny rebel when we potty trained with chocolate treats, and removing the treats from his diet changed him back into the awesome and fun toddler he was before – OVERNIGHT.
Sugar is like a DRUG for kids. (Well, for adults too, but that’s another subject.)
Most kids get too much sugar, absolutely, and there is no doubt about the connection between too much sugar and acting out.
Try removing sugar from your toddler’s diet – and be aware that almost everything pre-packaged contains sugar. (Including things like canned soup or ketchup. It’s easy to think your toddler isn’t having much sugar because you aren’t giving them cookies or juice… but that’s probably not the case.)
Related: How to Get a Toddler to Eat Vegetables
Related: Meal Ideas for Picky Toddlers
2. Make sure they are getting enough sleep
Overtired kids are cranky kids.
Signs of overtiredness in toddlers include tantrums, rejecting food, fighting with playmates, and allllll the other “symptoms” of the terrible twos as well.
Toddlers need 11- 14 hours of sleep (depending on the kid), and many toddlers don’t get enough because they start to fight the nap… and parents – feeling helpless about how to MAKE them nap – just let them win.
I am far more stubborn than my toddler, and even on the rare days when he’s protested nap for 2 hours or more, I STILL win. Because I am the mom.
If your toddler doesn’t nap for day or two, don’t take that to mean they are “done with napping”!
Be persistent – if your child’s attitude changes due to lack of sleep this usually means they still need a nap (source).
And make sure they are getting enough sleep at night. Toddlers should be getting around 11-13 hours of sleep in a 24-hour period!
(Here’s help for if you can’t get your toddler to say in bed!)
Related: Why Our Two Year Old Goes to Bed “Late”
3. Be conscious of their daycare situation
Avoiding daycare is my single most urgent reason for choosing to work from home.
I know that this is a sore spot with a lot of parents, probably because they feel like their hands are just tied on this point.
But the fact of the matter is, both poor quality daycare and long hours in daycare are shown to affect child behavior (source).
If avoiding daycare is impossible for your family, but your child is acting “terrible”, at least assess the quality of the daycare provider – and consider trying a new one.
Here’s more on the signs of a bad daycare provider.
4. Be consistent – both with your actions towards them and with their routine
Consistency – both in your actions/reactions to your toddler AND in your day to day routine will help deal with the terrible twos.
(I am the farthest thing from type-A you’ll ever meet, and routine is a four-letter word in my world. But even I can see that the structure and predictability from a routine helps my kiddo feel calm and gives him some semblance of control over his world.)
Victoria Manion Fleming, PhD, a child and family therapist in Northbrook, Illinois says “Your child needs some consistency to her day, a predictable sequence that lets her explore the world without worry.” An awful lot is changing in your child’s world. Her language, social, and motor skills are developing rapidly. And while these are all good things, this rapid-fire period of learning can easily overwhelm atoddler (read more).
If your toddler knows what’s coming next, there’s much more chance that he’ll accept it.
At naptime, for instance, I put the baby to sleep while my son watches 15 minutes of his favorite TV show and eats his snack. When I come out of the room where his sister is sleeping, he knows it’s his nap time.
Sure, he still says, “I don’t want to go to sleep”… but he doesn’t FIGHT me on it.
He knows it’s time for nap, he knows he’s never won with “I don’t want to go to sleep” before, and I believe he knows he won’t win this time either… so it’s just not worth the fight.
So we go to sleep – and it’s interesting that often before he falls asleep he likes to list the things we might do AFTER nap – things we do daily, as though it’s comforting to him to know what’s next.
As for consistency in the way you react to your toddler, it doesn’t take a PhD to realize that if your kid thinks he can push the boundaries and get away with something, he will.
If you show your child that certain things are not allowed no matter how many times they test you, eventually, they will see there’s no point in testing you.
Having a few simple concrete rules you don’t give an inch on can make a huge difference (read more parenting tactics for toddlers here).
5. Give them your attention
Another point on this list that’s gonna make some parents cringe – myself included.
It is SO easy to pay more attention to our phones than our kids, to get wrapped up in thinking we need to check every item off our to-do list BEFORE we make time to sit and play, to de-prioritize our kids.
I think that some of the terrible-two-ness we see is just our kids begging for our attention.
Make time to sit with them and read.
Get down on their level and have whole conversations about things that are important to them, or about new things they’re learning.
It’s maybe cliche, but your kids spell love T-I-M-E.
6. Let them do the thing (and give them choices)
Pick your battles.
My 1.5 year old wants to wear her coat 100% of the time right now.
It makes her happy.
(Toddlers are funny little things.)
It’s not hurting anything to let her wear her coat, so we just let her! (We resisted at first because as adults we think wearing coats in the house is ridiculous, and I suppose we felt like she would over-heat. But that just resulted in hysterical tears and for what? It’s not truly hurting anything to let her wear the coat.)
Just like it’s not hurting anything to let them turn on the lights, or dump the flower into the muffin mix, or play with the pots – we sometimes have a reflex reaction of NO – when no is totally unnecessary.
Let them make some of their own choices – this helps them feel like they have some control over what’s happening. Let them decide what to wear, let them decide where to sit, let them decide if they want carrots or cucumbers.
7. Discipline them / Don’t LET them win
In contrast to the above, DON’T let them do the thing.
You’re the parent, you decide what’s acceptable and what’s not.
This seems like a given, but it’s easy to see that discipline is being overlooked in a lot of cases.
I’m not saying you need to embrace spanking if you’re not comfortable with it, and I definitely don’t think you should discipline in anger, but there is absolutely a place for discipline in toddler-hood.
We have a bench in our porch, and our toddler knows that sitting on the bench all by himself is no fun.
Time-outs are very effective for my son – and I got to try them today with my daughter for the first time.
Just this week, my daughter started resisting naptime.
Today I could SEE that she was exhausted and needed a nap – but every time I picked her up to snuggle her, she kicked me or pinched my nose, and every time I tried to lay down by her on the bed she stood up and got off it.
So finally, I told her I would have to leave her in the room alone if she wasn’t going to go to sleep – kids understand A LOT more than we think they do – and I closed the door and went out.
She screamed frantically and I let her – for 3 minutes.
Then I went back in, picked her up… and she started thrashing around again.
So I put her down, and let her scream alone in the room – for 4 minutes.
And when I went back in and picked her up, she put her head on my shoulder and went to sleep.
I have a feeling time-outs are going to be just as effective for her as they are for her brother! (Yay!)
I also have a feeling that after a couple of days of this little routine, she won’t bother fighting me at nap time anymore.
If you feel overwhelmed and need some guidance on disciplining this is an EXCELLENT book on the subject.
How long does the terrible 2 stage last? ›
The terrible twos generally begin anywhere from 18 to 30 months of age, and, despite what the name implies, can last well into the third year of life. While tantrums can certainly still happen after your child turns 3, they often become less frequent by then.What age is the hardest with a toddler? ›
The term "terrible twos" has long been used to describe the changes that parents often observe in 2-year-old children. A parent may perceive this age as terrible because of the rapid shifts in a child's mood and behaviors — and the difficulty of dealing with them.What are red flags for 2 year old behavior? ›
Hyperactivity or constant movement beyond regular playing. Frequent, unexplainable temper tantrums. Unusual fears or worries. Difficulty taking part in activities that are normal for your child's age.What is the hardest age to parent? ›
In fact, age 8 is so tough that the majority of the 2,000 parents who responded to the 2020 survey agreed that it was the hardest year, while age 6 was better than expected and age 7 produced the most intense tantrums.What age is worse 2 or 3? ›
If you understand the developmental needs of the toddler years and are able to meet them, then the terrible twos should end by age 3 or a little beyond that.At what age do tantrums peak? ›
Understand that tantrums are normal toddler behavior.
They generally begin to occur when children are between 12 and 15 months old, peak between 18 and 36 months, and continue until around age 4, according to the National Association of School Psychologists.
- Set the limit. ...
- Offer a few choices (which are acceptable to you). ...
- Use humor. ...
- Engage your child's imagination. ...
- Enforce the limit: If none of the strategies above work, and your child is still digging in his heels, calmly and firmly set the limit. ...
- Avoid giving in.
A 2- or 3-year-old who has been hitting, biting, or throwing food, for example, should be told why the behavior is unacceptable and taken to a designated timeout area — a kitchen chair or bottom stair — for a minute or two to calm down. As a general rule, about 1 minute per year of age is a good guide for timeouts.What time should 2 year olds go to bed? ›
Toddler bedtime routine
Most toddlers are ready for bed between 6.30 pm and 7.30 pm. This is a good time, because they sleep deepest between 8 pm and midnight. It's important to keep the routine consistent on weekends as well as during the week.
The "terrible twos" refers to a normal stage in a child's development in which a toddler can regularly bounce between reliance on adults and a newly burgeoning desire for independence. The symptoms vary between children but can include frequent mood changes and temper tantrums.
Why is 2 such a hard age? ›
Two-year-olds undergo major motor, intellectual, social and emotional changes. Also, children at this age can understand much more speech than they can express — a factor that contributes to emotions and behaviors that are difficult for parents to interpret.What are four common inappropriate behaviors of toddlers? ›
- defiance (e.g. refusing to follow your requests)
- fussiness (e.g. refusal to eat certain foods or wear certain clothes)
- hurting other people (e.g. biting, kicking)
- excessive anger when the child doesn't get their own way.
Anxiety may present as fear or worry, but can also make children irritable and angry. Anxiety symptoms can also include trouble sleeping, as well as physical symptoms like fatigue, headaches, or stomachaches. Some anxious children keep their worries to themselves and, thus, the symptoms can be missed.What is not normal behavior for a 2 year old? ›
Daffon said that hitting, biting, and other violent behaviors become causes for concern “if the child is inflicting self-harm as a means to regulate their emotions. This is a clear sign that the child has few, if any, positive coping skills.”What is a boomerang child? ›
Boomerang children, or boomerang kids, are terms used to describe the phenomenon of an adult child returning home to live with their parents for economic reasons after a period of independent living.What is the most exhausting stage of parenting? ›
Newborn in The House:
Most parents will tell you that this is the most challenging stage of parenting. Having a newborn baby in the house is the leading cause of sleepless nights all over the world.
The golden age is generally categorized as 0-5 years old. This is a critical period for children's emotional, social, and spiritual growth and development. In this phase, children should get more attention from their parents. Because parents can shape the character of their children.What age is the most crucial for a child? ›
Recent brain research indicates that birth to age three are the most important years in a child's development. Here are some tips to consider during your child's early years: Be warm, loving, and responsive. Talk, read, and sing to your child.How many tantrums a day is normal for a 2 year old? ›
Tantrums happen most frequently between ages 1 and 4, averaging up to one a day. They typically decrease when a child starts school. At this age, they're talking more, so they can express their needs verbally. Tantrums usually last between two and 15 minutes.Why do terrible twos happen? ›
Because toddlers may not have the words to express themselves and are still developing impulse control, they may lash out physically. As annoying as it is, terrible twos and hitting go hand in hand—but while it's common, it's a behavior that needs to be handled consistently in order to put a stop to it, Braun says.
Is it OK to ignore tantrums? ›
Ignoring is usually most effective for behaviors like whining, crying when nothing is physically wrong or hurting, and tantrums. These misbehaviors are often done for attention. If parents, friends, family, or other caregivers consistently ignore these behaviors, they will eventually stop.What helps constant tantrums? ›
- Be consistent. Establish a daily routine so that your child knows what to expect. ...
- Plan ahead. Run errands when your child isn't likely to be hungry or tired. ...
- Let your child make appropriate choices. ...
- Praise good behavior. ...
- Avoid situations likely to trigger tantrums.
As a reminder, tantrums are “normal,” but excessive outbursts can be a sign or symptom of autism or another behavioral disorder.How do you discipline a toddler without hitting and yelling? ›
- Give choices. A choice gives some control back to the child on the parents' terms. ...
- Take a timeout. ...
- Get someone else involved. ...
- Teach them what you expect. ...
- Recognize their positive behaviors. ...
- Timeout. ...
- Consequence. ...
- Pick your battles.
Calmly and firmly explain the consequences if they don't behave. For example, tell her that if she does not pick up her toys, you will put them away for the rest of the day. Be prepared to follow through right away. Don't give in by giving them back after a few minutes.
- Use Consequences That Have Meaning. ...
- Don't Try to Appeal to His Emotions with Speeches. ...
- Make Consequences Black and White. ...
- Talk to Your Child About Effective Problem-Solving. ...
- Don't Get Sucked into an Argument over Consequences.
Keep them short — no more than one minute per year of age. The younger the child, the shorter the time. Save them for serious misdeeds — unsafe or aggressive behaviors like running into the street, hitting or biting. Don't scold, lecture or argue when giving a time-out.Why is my 2 year old so defiant? ›
It is normal for children to become oppositional at certain ages – around age 2, and again in early adolescence. Life-changing events, such as divorce, can also herald a phase of defiant behavior. This defiance may be difficult for parents to cope with, but it does not necessarily signal an underlying condition.Why does my 2 year old behave so badly? ›
There are lots of possible reasons for difficult behaviour in toddlers and young children. Often it's just because they're tired, hungry, overexcited, frustrated or bored.What causes the terrible twos in toddlers? ›
Getting frustrated when their wishes aren't fully understood. A common cause of those terrible twos temper tantrums is when a toddler gets frustrated that his caregiver can't read his mind. For example, he may ask for water, only to break down in tears because you gave it to him in a red cup instead of a blue one.
What is the best way to punish a 2 year old? ›
A 2- or 3-year-old who has been hitting, biting, or throwing food, for example, should be told why the behavior is unacceptable and taken to a designated timeout area — a kitchen chair or bottom stair — for a minute or two to calm down. As a general rule, about 1 minute per year of age is a good guide for timeouts.